The Basic Law (BL) is the constitutional document of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). Put into effect on July 1, 1997, it enshrines within a legal document the important concept of “One Country, Two Systems".
Q: Do Hong Kong residents have the right to vote and to stand for election?
A: Permanent residents of Hong Kong have the right to vote and stand for elections in accordance with law. Election to the sixth term Legislative Council of the HKSAR was held on September 4, 2016. A total of 289 candidates stood for the election. A total of 2.2 million geographical constituency (GC) voters turned out to vote, representing 58% of registered voters in the GCs. 35 Members were returned from five GCs, while the other 35 Members were returned from 29 functional constituencies (FCs) including the District Council (second) FC. About 3.47 million registered GC electors who do not belong to any of the 28 traditional FCs can cast one vote each in their respective GC and the newly created District Council (second) FC. (BL Article 26)