The Basic Law (BL) is the constitutional document of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). Put into effect on July 1, 1997, it enshrines within a legal document the important concept of “One Country, Two Systems".
Q: Are Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong with a high degree of autonomy?
A: The National People’s Congress (NPC) authorizes the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to exercise a high degree of autonomy and enjoy executive, legislative and independent judicial powers, including that of final adjudication, in accordance with the Basic Law. Except for defense, foreign affairs and other matters for which the Central Authorities are responsible under the Basic Law, Hong Kong people are administering its affairs within its autonomy under the Basic Law. Hong Kongers are not even required to pay taxes to the Central People’s Government (CPG). (BL Articles 2; 12-17; 19; 22; 10)