The Basic Law (BL) is the constitutional document of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). It enshrines within a legal document the important concept of “One Country, Two Systems.” Under this principle, socialist policies of mainland China are not practiced in the HKSAR.
The Basic Law provides the guarantees to maintain Hong Kong’s existing way of life, including socioeconomic development, the rights and duties of Hong Kong people, the rule of law and other areas.
The Basic Law was put into effect July 1, 1997.
Q1: Has China's Central Government or any Mainland province interfered in the running of the HKSAR Government?
A1: No. Hong Kong has enjoyed a high degree of autonomy since reunification on July 1, 1997. In accordance with the Basic Law, the Central People's Government (CPG) has scrupulously upheld the principle of 'One Country, Two Systems' and the promise of 'Hong Kong people running Hong Kong'. No province, autonomous region or municipality directly under the CPG has interfered in the affairs which the HKSAR Government administers on its own in accordance with the Basic Law. (BL Articles 2; 12; 22)
Q2: Has the HKSAR enjoyed executive, legislative and independent judicial power?
A2: Yes. The HKSAR exercises a high degree of autonomy and enjoys executive, legislative and independent judicial power, including that of final adjudication. The Chief Executive heads the HKSAR, and the Executive Council, members of which are appointed by the Chief Executive, assists the Chief Executive in policy making. The legislature, which is constituted by election, enacts legislation, while the independent judiciary dispenses justice free from interference. (BL Articles 2; 16; 17; 19; 43; 54; 55; 66; 68; 73; 85)