The Basic Law (BL) is the constitutional document of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Put into effect on July 1, 1997, it enshrines within a legal document the important concept of “One Country, Two Systems".
Q: Are Hong Kong people running Hong Kong with a high degree of autonomy?
A:. Hong Kong people are running Hong Kong in all areas in accordance with the Basic Law, except for defense and foreign affairs and other matters for which the Central Authorities are responsible under the Basic Law. We do not need to seek instructions from the Central People’s Government (CPG) in running our affairs within our autonomy. We are not even required to pay taxes to the CPG. (BL Articles 2; 12-17; 19; 22; 106)