The Basic Law (BL) is the constitutional document of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Put into effect on July 1, 1997, it enshrines within a legal document the important concept of “One Country, Two Systems".
Q: Has the HKSAR enjoyed executive, legislative and independent judicial power?
A: Yes. The HKSAR exercises a high degree of autonomy and enjoys executive, legislative and independent judicial power, including that of final adjudication. The Chief Executive heads the HKSAR, and the Executive Council, members of which are appointed by the Chief Executive, assists the Chief Executive in policy making. The legislature, which is constituted by election, enacts legislation, while the independent judiciary dispenses justice free from interference. (BL Articles 2; 16; 17; 19; 43; 54; 55; 66; 68; 73; 85)